What exactly is Landmark Baptist theology?
Landmark Baptist theology is a view of church history held by a tiny sect of "martyrs". These "martyrs" are people with a hyper-underdog, to use urban phraseology, complex when it comes to matters ecclesiastical.
They are the perfect example of 'extremism', 'radicalism', and religious quackery. They are akin to the King James only, altar calling, premillennial rapturing, pew-warming wing of the Arminian branch of the Baptist movement.
Does Landmarkism agree with Rome in 'extra ecclesium nola salus', that outside of the Baptist church, there is no salvation?
Absolutely. Some would deny this, but most Landmarkers believe that the Baptist movement originated with Jesus Christ and the Apostles(1), and was carried out in spurts over the span of several centuries, by 'true believers' (Baptists) , who were persecuted by 'the great harlot'.
What do Landmark Baptists believe to be the great harlot?
Well, mainly Roman Catholics and Greek Orthodox, but they believe Protestants -and pretty much anyone and everyone who isn't a Baptist- to be the step-children of the great harlot (2). Other Baptists just don't get it though, and are deceived by the harlot about their origins, but Landmarkers exist to set them straight (3).
Do Landmark Baptists believe only Baptists are Christians?
What sects do Landmark Baptists believe constitute "the New Testament Church" persecuted on doing through the centuries by the Harlot?
Listed for us are Donatists, Paterines, Cathari, Paulicians, Anabaptists, Petro-Brussians, Arnoldists, Henricians, Albigenses, and Waldenses (5).
What were some of the beliefs of these groups?
The Albigenses, from what little writings we have by them, believed that the material world was evil, and the spiritual world good, and these two worlds were ever colliding and at war with each other (6).
The Cathari, like the Albigenses, believed the same thing, emphasized a dualistic view of history and the world, believed Jehovah to be a tyrant, and also believed in reincarnation (7).
The Albigenses had a huge influence on the Rosicrucians (8), and the Cathari were integral in the founding of the Knights Templar (9), which gave birth to Freemasonry. Both of these groups are secret societies considered Satanic by scholars, historians, and virtually all Christians, including Landmark Baptists.
The Paulicians were a sect that revived the teachings of the Manicheans (10), a Persian religion heavily influenced by Buddhism and Zoroastrian paganism.
Why would Landmark Baptists believe these sects to be New Testament Christians, or Baptists?
Because they were opposed by the Church of Rome, which Landmark Baptists loathe with an unbridled passion. For Landmark Baptists, what Rome doesn't like, must be good. Therefore, almost any and every sect that popped up over the span of one-thousand and five-hundred that was not in communion with Rome was a "New Testament church".
Of course it is. That's Landmarkism.
Are most Baptists Landmarkers?
Fortunately, no. Most Baptists, historically, have not been Landmark. Spurgeon, Gill, Pink, Bunyan, and most historic Baptist theologians would have repudiated Landmarkism as a false doctrine (11).
1. The whole book, The Trail of Blood, start to finish.
2. Again, just glance over The Trail of Blood. Can't make this stuff up.
3. See Baptists Not Protestants, C. C. Carroll.
4. See The Trail of Blood, #18 in the first lecture, where the word Christian and Baptist are used interchangeably.
5. See #7 of the second lecture in The Trail of Blood.
6. See Answers.com article: http://www.answers.com/topic/albigenses
8. See Answers.com article: http://www.answers.com/topic/rosicrucian
11. See http://www.theopedia.com/Landmarkism. Landmarkers split from the Southern Baptist Church, which used to be Reformed, over their refusal to implement Landmarker dogma.